We assess student work so both teachers and learners can see what students know, and what they need to know in order to improve. For this reason the core principle underlying the Assessment Toolkit is the importance of designing "Assessment as Learning." That is, assessment is integral to the everyday processes of learning and teaching throughout a course, rather than something that just happens at the end to measure student performance.
The design process is just one part of the quality assessment cycle.
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Video series - Designing Assessment as Learning
In these 9 videos, Richard Buckland discusses tips and strategies for designing assessment as learning.